The National Parks of The Bahamas

Rand Nature Center

Established: 1992
Size: 100 acres

Acquired by the BNT in 1992 the Rand Nature Centre comprises 100 Acres of natural beauty near the heart of downtown Freeport, Grand Bahama. The Rand Nature Centre boasts a two thousand foot trail, which winds through natural coppice and pine barrens. The Centre is now the home of the administrative office of the BNT in Grand Bahama.

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Established: 1992
Size: 100 acres


The Rand Nature Centre came under the responsibility of the Bahamas National Trust in March 1992. This 100 acre property is located two miles from downtown Freeport, Grand Bahama. The foot trail winds through native coppice and pine barrens. Rand Nature Centre serves as the regional headquarters of The Bahamas National Trust for the northern Bahamas.

The Rand Nature Centre was established in 1968 by Mrs. Dorothy Rand in memory of her husband James Rand, an American inventor and philanthropist. The Nature Centre was created for the purpose of preserving an area of natural beauty, where visitors could enjoy Bahamian wildlife and flora and learn about the environmental education and research facility by its first Director, American Naturalist, Dr. Paul Fluck.

The Rand Memorial Nature Centre (RMNC) was constructed by the Colonial Research Institute (CRI) in 1969, and until 1990, was financially supported by this institution. In 1990 it became clear that CRI would no longer be able to financially support this body, and the persons in charge began to look for an organization whose objectives and financial resources would enable the RMNC to be maintained. A letter to The Bahamas National Trust stated CRI’s intent to make the RMNC an independent entity that would be given the CRI’s leasehold in the property, and rights to all improvements made on the property. The entire entity would then be transferred to an organization that CRI felt would be able to best take care of it in the future. This is when a proposal was given to the BNT’s Executive Committee to incorporate the RMNC into the National Park system. Due to the limited resources of the BNT it was decided that the RMNC needed to become self-sufficient and therefore the Centre needed to increase visitor numbers and increase contact with the general public of Grand Bahama. A 99 year lease was signed, conferring 100 acres of property owned by the Grand Bahama Port Authority to the control of the BNT in February 1992. The Bahamas National Trust assumed responsibility for the facility in 1991 and has continued the vision of its founders. Guided tours, school programs, animals exhibits and natural history displays are among the many environmental activities at the Centre.

Importance to Biodiversity

Native flora: Easy to follow trails wind through the native pine forest and branch off into secluded areas, with many benches along the way for rest and relaxation. The Centre boasts a wide diversity of native flora and guided tours highlight the uses of Bahamian Plants in “Bush Medicine” Orchids begin blooming along the trail in spring and summer, but visitors will find other plants blooming at other times of the year.

Bird life: The Nature Centre is well-known as a birding hot spot, especially in October to May when the resident bird population is supplemented by wintering northern songbirds. Commonly sighted birds of the RMNC include Red-legged Thrushes, Cuban Emerald Hummingbirds, LaSagra’s Flycatchers, Bahama Yellow throats and a host of other warblers. Observant visitors may spot other wildlife such as Curly-tailed lizards, 5 lined skinks, colourful butterflies and even raccoons which were first introduced to Grand Bahama in the 1930’s.

Flamingo Pond: This man-made freshwater pond is landscaped with native and exotic vegetation. It once was the home of a small flock of flamingos, which had resided here alongside the water lilies, fresh water turtles and mosquito fish. Today the flamingos are no longer there but other native wild birds now call Flamingo pond home. This pond has a viewing deck that was donated by Southern Power.

Importance to Education
Visitors Centre: The entrance building houses educational displays, the gift shop, restrooms, meeting room and staff offices. Natural history exhibits feature such topics as island geology and ecology and a collection of Bahamian Sea Shells. Also on display at the Visitor’s Centre are several native animals including the endangered Bahama Parrot, a Red-tailed Hawk, several Bahama Boa Constrictors and other harmless snakes. A nursery display of interesting native plants is situated just inside.

Importance to Tourism
Tours: Guided tours are offered daily (except Sunday). The informative leisurely walk along the 2,000 foot forest trail encompasses all points of interest in the Centre. A special bird watching tour is offered on the first day of each month. School programs which include an introductory talk and guided tour, may be scheduled.


Abaco National Park
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Black Sound Cay National Reserve
Located off Green Turtle Cay in Abaco, this miniature park comprises a thick stand of mangrove vegetation and is an important habitat for waterfowl and Other avifauna which winter in the region.
Blue Holes National Park
Andros has the highest concentration of Blue Holes in the world. Exposed to the elements over thousands of years, the island’s limestone bedrock eroded creating this vast expanse of underwater cave systems. These caves have been found to house many unusual and unique cave fish and invertebrates, some not found anywhere else in the world.
Bonefish Pond
Bonefish Pond is 1235 acres of coastal wetland area. This is a snorkeling tour where teachers and students alike can see and learn about the different marine life that call Bonefish pond home.
Conception Island National Park
An important sanctuary for migratory birds, sea birds and green turtles. It also has great historical importance being one of the islands in the Bahamas on which Christopher Columbus was known to have landed.
Crab Replenishment Reserve
Identified as the best land crab habitat in central Andros, this area was set aside to ensure a sustainable crab population for future generations.
Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park
Created in 1958 this 176 square mile park was the first of its kind in the world and is famous for its pristine beauty, outstanding anchorages and breathtaking marine environment. It is the first marine fishery reserve established in the Caribbean.
Fowl Cays National Park
The new Fowl Cays National Park is a 1,920-acre reserve that is conveniently reached from most central Abaco Cays and settlements. The park has steadily become attractive to scuba divers and is an extremely popular area for local boating and snorkeling. The reefs and three 25' to 40' dive spots in untouched water are renowned.
Inagua National Park
287 square miles of Great Inagua Island, now internationally known as the world\'s largest breeding colony(approx. 50,000) of West Indian flamingos. In 1997 the Inagua National Park was recognized as a wetland of International Importance as the Bahamas became a signatory of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. Inagua's interior gives way to Lake Windsor and it is here among the cays and mangrove stands that Tri-colored Herons, Great Egrets, Roseate Spoonbi
Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Located in South Central New Providence, Harrold and Wilson Ponds encompasses 250 Acres. More than 100 avian species , including the island's highest concentration of herons, egrets, ibises and cormorants have been identified there, providing confirmation that the area is indispensable habitat for bird life in New Providence. An exceptional educational and ecotourism site, a stone's throw from the nation’s capital and tourism hub, these areas are an invaluabl