The National Parks of The Bahamas

"National Parks are one of the greatest legacies to be left to future generations. Their tremendous value to The Bahamas spans economic, ecological and social realms."


Bahamas National Park System

27 National Parks
More than 1 million acres is currently protected including marine and terrestrial sites.
With more to come in the future!


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Background info

The Bahamas National Park System is at the heart of the Trust's mandate. Within our parks are many unique features, critical habitats and endangered species. Bahamian Parks are treasure-troves of biodiversity as well as areas of pure aesthetic beauty. The system protects the world's largest breeding colony of West Indian Flamingos, one of the world's longest underwater cave systems, a critically important sea turtle research facility and one of the most successful marine fishery reserves in the Wider Caribbean. 
The global conservation community recognizes the establishment and management of national parks and protected areas as the "pinnacle" of a country's efforts to protect its biodiversity. In 2002 the National Park System of The Bahamas was doubled in size, an unprecedented accomplishment in protected area history. Ten new National Parks were created, protecting both marine and terrestrial territories, bringing the total acreage of the national system to more than 1 million. 

This accomplishment was as a result of years of preparatory work and cultivation in local communities, with government and with other stakeholders. 

Non-consumptive use of natural resources within park boundaries can provide significant economic contributions to communities near national parks. Many organizations charged with National Park management report a significant multiplier effect for new jobs in the wider community for each job established within the park. 

In addition, the tremendous replenishment value of marine protected areas in The Bahamas to national fishery resources has now been well documented (see the success story of the Exuma Cays Land & Sea Park), spawning national efforts to duplicate such areas in strategic locations throughout the Bahamian archipelago.

Effective management and protection of national parks and protected areas, on-going expansion of the system to include appropriate representation and protection for Bahamian biodiversity and an active nation-wide membership support base remain key objectives for the Bahamas National Trust.  

Abaco National Park
Established on May 9, 1994, the Abaco National Park comprises 22,500 Acres in Southern Abaco. Included in this area is 5,000 Acres of pine forest, the major habitat of the Bahama Parrot.
Black Sound Cay National Reserve
Located off Green Turtle Cay in Abaco, this miniature park comprises a thick stand of mangrove vegetation and is an important habitat for waterfowl and Other avifauna which winter in the region.
Blue Holes National Park
Andros has the highest concentration of Blue Holes in the world. Exposed to the elements over thousands of years, the island’s limestone bedrock eroded creating this vast expanse of underwater cave systems. These caves have been found to house many unusual and unique cave fish and invertebrates, some not found anywhere else in the world.
Bonefish Pond
Bonefish Pond is 1235 acres of coastal wetland area. This is a snorkeling tour where teachers and students alike can see and learn about the different marine life that call Bonefish pond home.
Conception Island National Park
An important sanctuary for migratory birds, sea birds and green turtles. It also has great historical importance being one of the islands in the Bahamas on which Christopher Columbus was known to have landed.
Crab Replenishment Reserve
Identified as the best land crab habitat in central Andros, this area was set aside to ensure a sustainable crab population for future generations.
Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park
Created in 1958 this 176 square mile park was the first of its kind in the world and is famous for its pristine beauty, outstanding anchorages and breathtaking marine environment. It is the first marine fishery reserve established in the Caribbean.
Fowl Cays National Park
The new Fowl Cays National Park is a 1,920-acre reserve that is conveniently reached from most central Abaco Cays and settlements. The park has steadily become attractive to scuba divers and is an extremely popular area for local boating and snorkeling. The reefs and three 25' to 40' dive spots in untouched water are renowned.
Inagua National Park
287 square miles of Great Inagua Island, now internationally known as the world\'s largest breeding colony(approx. 50,000) of West Indian flamingos. In 1997 the Inagua National Park was recognized as a wetland of International Importance as the Bahamas became a signatory of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. Inagua's interior gives way to Lake Windsor and it is here among the cays and mangrove stands that Tri-colored Herons, Great Egrets, Roseate Spoonbi
Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Located in South Central New Providence, Harrold and Wilson Ponds encompasses 250 Acres. More than 100 avian species , including the island's highest concentration of herons, egrets, ibises and cormorants have been identified there, providing confirmation that the area is indispensable habitat for bird life in New Providence. An exceptional educational and ecotourism site, a stone's throw from the nation’s capital and tourism hub, these areas are an invaluabl